The Boundaries of Cultures - شهية الطبخ المغربي

The Boundaries of Cultures

The Boundaries of Cultures
Every human society has a culture. People who grow up in the same
nation can be said to share a national culture. But they may be part of
other societies within the nation that have separate cultural traditions.
Social scientists sometimes use the term subculture to describe variations
within a culture. Social groups often develop some cultural patterns of
their own that set them apart from the larger society they are part of.
Subcultures may develop in businesses, ethnic groups, occupational
groups, regional groups, religious groups, and other groups within a larger
culture. For example, Amish people in Pennsylvania and several
Midwestern States make up a subculture, as do members of a teen-age
street gang.
Many cultural traits and patterns are limited to a particular culture, but
many others are common to more than one culture. For example, cultures
in the same part of the world often have similar patterns. A geographical
region in which two or more cultures share cultural traits and patterns is
called a culture area. Northern Europe is an example of a culture area.
Some cultural traits have spread throughout the world. For example, some
clothing, music, sports, and industrial processes are the same in many
areas of the world. Cultural traditions that extend beyond national
boundaries form what is called international culture. For example,
countries that share an international culture include Australia, Canada, the
United Kingdom, and the United States. Their common cultural traditions
include the English language and a heritage of British founders.

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