U.K Questions likely to be given in the exam - شهية الطبخ المغربي

U.K Questions likely to be given in the exam

difference between the parliament and the congress.. ?
1)The P.M in comes out of the parliament, whereas the congress does not choose the president.2 Members of the House of Commons owe their seats to the party, whereas congressmen owe their seats to the elections. 3) members of the government are members of the H.C, while congressmen are not members of the government. 4) members of the H.C should keep in line with their party's policies, otherwise the government will fall; congress can vote against the government without fear of the government's fall.
what does it mean "Her Majesty's opposition" ?
"Her Majesty's Opposition" refers to the opposition in the parliament which is formed as a coalition between the other parties which did not gain the majority; it is named after the queen to indicate that she represents the british people in the parliament, even the minorities.
how do u perceive the contradictions regarding the monarch's prerogatives?
The contradiction is that the monarch, in theory, has absolute power; for ex, the monarch has the right to dissolve parliament, the right to appoint P.M and ministers, to declare war and peace..., but in reality she has almost no power because all these prerogatives are ruled by conventions. The monarch exercises them on the advice of the P.M.
The British Constitution is not written in a single document , it derives from a variety of sources , discuss .
The British constitution is unwritten. This means that, there is no single document which explains how british people are governed , The British Constitution can be found in a variety of documents .The British Constitution comes from a variety of sources. The main ones are: Statutes such as the Act of Settlement of 1701 which deals with the succession to the throne and it was designed to secure the Protestant succession to the throne.
why the republicanism has never been a real force in U.K ?
I think it is due to the fact that the monarchy provides british people with a sort of unity and tradition, also the monarchy is a sign of continuity and stability; the government changes every 5 years but the monarchy does not. It is also a kind of safeguard against totalitarian and tyrannical government, the monarch though with limited power may stop any government from usurping power. despite the fact that the monarchy is very criticized, it is only criticized for the way it functions not for the institution as a whole. ,Britain isn't a MONARCHY NOR A REPUBLIC ,that's why it is called a DISGUISED MONARCHY.
it's a disguised monarchy because in the monarchy; the queen still has a great role to play that no president can play+the constitutional name of Parliament is "the queen in parliament"+all the states and laws are made in her name ........and this is why republicanism has never been a real force BUT the queen DOESN'T RULE .
"convention" ? In Britain, conventions have the force of the law; they cannot be implemented in the courts and any violation of them is not punishable. Furthemore, these conventions gradually become constitutional laws.
when we say "charter88" , it is a pressure group that fought to reform the british constitution, the british monarchy , the electoral system and the centrolize government . because of this pressure group , it was a devolution in 1998.
Why did England join the EU until 1973 ?
there are a number of reasons: France rejected its joining because of its strong relationship with the U.S; the british wanted to protect their terretories and economy as well as their sense of britishness. Besides, they did not want to lose their sovereignety.
The House of Lords : is made up of people who have inherited family titles and those who have been given titles because of their outstanding work in one field or another. The main job of the House of Lords is to
'double check' new laws to make sure they are fair and will work.
House of commons contains members who are elected by local residents to represent an erea of the country in parliament . The commons is the most important place for discussing policies and making laws.
Mercantalism: means the economical strategy by which a country can control its foreign trade to ensure prosperity and military stability of the state EX which clarifyes the former definition is the fact that England , for instance, had so many colonies which were the main reason behind its strength, these colonies contained gold and silver; which were not the case in britain , and they were absolutely a sourse of wealth . Moreover , in the 17th century, one of the purposes of Mercantilism was to protect the british goods in order to avoid competition . England was a small country at that time ,therefore; it needed those colonies to force its dominance , and maximize its power economically and politically.
The crown: contains the monarch , the govrrnment , the ministers , civil service .
-constitutional monarchy, system of government in which a monarch shares power with a constitutionally organized government. The monarch may be the de facto head of state or a purely ceremonial leader. The constitution allocates the rest of the government’s power to the legislature and judiciary.
act of parliament : a new law which has been approved by Parliament. After a bill has been passed by the House of Commons and the House of Lords and it has received royal assent, it becomes an Act of Parliament and therefore part of British law.
-The Act of Settlement of 1701 was designed to secure the Protestant succession to the throne, and to strengthen the guarantees for ensuring parliamentary system of government.The Act also strengthened the Bill of Rights (1689).
How can a bill become a law. ?
Every year the british gov introuce certain number of bills. Those bills are disscussed by the house of common and become most of the time laws, simply because the PM becomes only the PM when he has the majority in the house , thus this bill are morelikeky to become a law

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